executive summary wolf management plan
Working Copy of
2017 Draft Wolf Plan
Conservation and Management Plan
Oregon Wolf Conservation and Management Plan
(Plan) was first adopted in 2005 and updated in
2010. This update, which began in March 2016, is the result of a yearlong evaluation of the Plan.
Some of the
changes contained within this
are general updates and reorganization of content.
Other changes are more substantive in nature, and include management improvements based on
information gained over years of wolf management in Oregon
In general, changes made in this
include: 1) updates to base information (i.e., status, population, distribution, etc.), 2) new science
related to the biology and management of wolves, and 3) management improvements based on
information gained through years of wolf management in Ore
gon. Chapter II (Wolf Conservation
) includes detailed information on the three phases of wolf management and
discusses the state’s two wolf management zones.
Chapter III (Wolf as Special Status Game
addresses the definition and con
ditions of the
includes information on the use of non
lethal deterrents, the use of controlled take in certain
situations, and expands livestock producer options for investigating potential wolf depredations of
Readers should note that while some sections of earlier versions of this plan are condensed or
combined, earlier versions of this Plan will continue to be made available on the ODFW wolf
The Plan’s goal remains the same:
To ensure the conservation of gray wolves as required by Oregon law while protecting the
social and economic interests of all Oregonians.
The 2005 Plan was originally crafted using an adaptive approach that requires periodic and formal
evaluation using in
formation gained through the actual management of wolves. The Oregon
Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW) considered the following principles while reviewing and
updating the plan.
Adhere to the factors included in the 2015 delisting analysis when consi
dering any proposed
Maintain conservation focus for wolves in all population phases.
Maintain flexible management options of the 2005 Plan when addressing conflict as the wolf
Address ODFW personnel and budget limitations w
hen evaluating future commitments.
Develop an effective workload sharing program with the
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
(USFWS) to monitor expanding wolf populations and address wolf
livestock conflicts in the
federally listed portion of Oregon.
) were listed as endangered under the federal Endangered Species Act
(ESA) and the state ESA when the Plan was updated in 2010. Gray wolves were establishing their
populations in northeastern Oregon at that time; today, the status of wolv
es in the state is more complex. In 2011, the USFWS delisted the gray wolf from the federal ESA east of Oregon
Highways 395, 78, and 95 as part of the larger Northern Rocky Mountain Distinct Population
Segment; wolves west of this boundary remained federa
lly listed. In January 2015, the Oregon
conservation population objective was reached. The Oregon Fish and Wildlife Commission
(Commission) initiated a biological status review to determine if the species required continued
listing under the Oregon ESA.
That review led to the delisting of wolves in Oregon in November
2015. While these changes represent landmarks in the modern history of the gray wolf, this Plan
strives to provide continued conservation and effective management of wolves into the future.
The objectives and strategies contain
ed within this Plan are intended
to serve multiple
to address wolf
and health factors
with native ungulate
and other carnivore
The Plan a
identifies potential conservation threats
for managers to consider
idering a number of
Oregon’s wolf population is predicted to continue to grow and
expand its distribution
it is unclear at this time what the
population and specific distribution
This Plan contains strategies which direct ODFW to
model which will
improve understanding of potential occurrence, habitat suitability, potential wolf
range, and will
development of future population and distribution goals
olves have reached Phase III popula
tion levels in eastern Oregon,
the states wolf population is
relatively small at this time.
occur in both eastern O
regon forested areas, and
of the Cascade Mountains. However,
the extent they
successfully expand into
the Oregon coast
strives to provide a framework by which the management of this
, at some point in the future,
transition to a manag
ement approach similar to other
in Oregon, while continuing to
unique history of the species.